Great Books

    1. Homer – IliadOdyssey
    2. The Old Testament
    3. Aeschylus – Tragedies
    4. Sophocles – Tragedies
    5. Herodotus – Histories
    6. Euripides – Tragedies
    7. Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War
    8. Hippocrates – Medical Writings
    9. Aristophanes – Comedies
    10. Plato – Dialogues
    11. Aristotle – Works
    12. Epicurus – “Letter to Herodotus”; “Letter to Menoecus”
    13. Euclid – Elements
    14. Archimedes – Works
    15. Apollonius – Conics
    16. Cicero – Works (esp. OrationsOn FriendshipOn Old AgeRepublic;LawsTusculan DisputationsOffices)
    17. Lucretius – On the Nature of Things
    18. Virgil – Works (esp. Aeneid)
    19. Horace – Works (esp. Odes and EpodesThe Art of Poetry)
    20. Livy – History of Rome
    21. Ovid – Works (esp. Metamorphoses)
    22. Quintilian – Institutes of Oratory
    23. Plutarch – Parallel LivesMoralia
    24. Tacitus – HistoriesAnnalsAgricolaGermaniaDialogus de oratoribus (Dialogue on Oratory)
    25. Nicomachus of Gerasa – Introduction to Arithmetic
    26. Epictetus – Discourses; Enchiridion
    27. Ptolemy – Almagest
    28. Lucian – Works (esp. The Way to Write HistoryThe True HistoryThe Sale of CreedsAlexander the Oracle MongerCharonThe Sale of LivesThe FishermanDialogue of the GodsDialogues of the Sea-GodsDialogues of the Dead)
    29. Marcus Aurelius – Meditations
    30. Galen – On the Natural Faculties
    31. The New Testament
    32. Plotinus – The Enneads
    33. St. Augustine – “On the Teacher”; ConfessionsCity of GodOn Christian Doctrine
    34. The Volsungs Saga or Nibelungenlied
    35. The Song of Roland
    36. The Saga of Burnt Njál
    37. Maimonides – The Guide for the Perplexed
    38. St. Thomas Aquinas – Of Being and EssenceSumma Contra GentilesOf the Governance of RulersSumma Theologica
    39. Dante Alighieri – The New Life (La Vita Nuova); “On Monarchy”; Divine Comedy
    40. Geoffrey Chaucer – Troilus and CriseydeThe Canterbury Tales
    41. Thomas à Kempis – The Imitation of Christ
    42. Leonardo da Vinci – Notebooks
    43. Niccolò Machiavelli – The PrinceDiscourses on the First Ten Books of Livy
    44. Desiderius Erasmus – The Praise of FollyColloquies
    45. Nicolaus Copernicus – On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres
    46. Thomas More – Utopia
    47. Martin Luther – Table TalkThree Treatises
    48. François Rabelais – Gargantua and Pantagruel
    49. John Calvin – Institutes of the Christian Religion
    50. Michel de Montaigne – Essays
    51. William Gilbert – On the Lodestone and Magnetic Bodies
    52. Miguel de Cervantes – Don Quixote
    53. Edmund Spenser – ProthalamionThe Faerie Queene
    54. Francis Bacon – EssaysThe Advancement of LearningNovum OrganumNew Atlantis
    55. William Shakespeare – Poetry and Plays
    56. Galileo Galilei – Starry MessengerTwo New Sciences
    57. Johannes Kepler – The Epitome of Copernican Astronomy;Harmonices Mundi
    58. William Harvey – On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in AnimalsOn the Circulation of the BloodGeneration of Animals
    59. Grotius – The Law of War and Peace
    60. Thomas Hobbes – LeviathanElements of Philsophy
    61. René Descartes – Rules for the Direction of the MindDiscourse on the MethodGeometryMeditations on First PhilosophyPrinciples of PhilosophyThe Passions of the Soul
    62. Corneille – Tragedies (esp. The Cid, Cinna)
    63. John Milton – Works (esp. the minor poems; AreopagiticaParadise LostSamson Agonistes)
    64. Molière – Comedies (esp. The MiserThe School for WivesThe MisanthropeThe Doctor in Spite of HimselfTartuffeThe Tradesman Turned GentlemanThe Imaginary InvalidThe Affected Ladies)
    65. Blaise Pascal – The Provincial LettersPensées; Scientific Treatises
    66. Boyle – The Sceptical Chemist
    67. Christiaan Huygens – Treatise on Light
    68. Benedict de Spinoza – Political TreatisesEthics
    69. John Locke – A Letter Concerning TolerationOf Civil GovernmentAn Essay Concerning Human UnderstandingSome Thoughts Concerning Education
    70. Jean Baptiste Racine – Tragedies (esp. AndromachePhaedra;Athalie (Athaliah))
    71. Isaac Newton – Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy;Opticks
    72. Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz – Discourse on MetaphysicsNew Essays on Human UnderstandingMonadology
    73. Daniel Defoe – Robinson CrusoeMoll Flanders
    74. Jonathan Swift – The Battle of the BooksA Tale of a TubA Journal to StellaGulliver’s TravelsA Modest Proposal
    75. William Congreve – The Way of the World
    76. George Berkeley – A New Theory of VisionA Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge
    77. Alexander Pope – An Essay on CriticismThe Rape of the LockAn Essay on Man
    78. Charles de Secondat, baron de Montesquieu – Persian LettersThe Spirit of the Laws
    79. Voltaire – Letters on the EnglishCandidePhilosophical Dictionary
    80. Henry Fielding – Joseph AndrewsTom Jones
    81. Samuel Johnson – The Vanity of Human WishesDictionary;RasselasLives of the Poets
    82. David Hume – A Treatise of Human NatureEssays Moral and PoliticalAn Enquiry Concerning Human UnderstandingHistory of England
    83. Jean-Jacques Rousseau – Discourse on InequalityOn Political EconomyEmileThe Social ContractConfessions
    84. Laurence Sterne – Tristram ShandyA Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy
    85. Adam Smith – The Theory of Moral SentimentsThe Wealth of Nations
    86. William Blackstone – Commentaries on the Laws of England
    87. Immanuel Kant – Critique of Pure ReasonGroundwork of the Metaphysic of MoralsCritique of Practical ReasonProlegomena to Any Future Metaphysics; The Science of Right; Critique of Judgment;Perpetual Peace
    88. Edward Gibbon – The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman EmpireAutobiography
    89. James Boswell – JournalThe Life of Samuel Johnson
    90. Antoine Laurent Lavoisier – Traité Élémentaire de Chimie (Elements of Chemistry)
    91. Alexander HamiltonJohn Jay, and James Madison – Federalist Papers (together with the Articles of ConfederationUnited States Constitution and United States Declaration of Independence)
    92. Jeremy Bentham – Comment on the CommentariesIntroduction to the Principles of Morals and LegislationTheory of Fictions
    93. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – FaustPoetry and Truth
    94. Thomas Robert Malthus – An Essay on the Principle of Population
    95. John Dalton – A New System of Chemical Philosophy
    96. Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier – Analytical Theory of Heat
    97. Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel – The Phenomenology of Spirit;Science of LogicElements of the Philosophy of RightLectures on the Philosophy of History
    98. William Wordsworth – Poems (esp. Lyrical Ballads; Lucy poems; sonnets; The Prelude)
    99. Samuel Taylor Coleridge – Poems (esp. Kubla KhanThe Rime of the Ancient Mariner ); Biographia Literaria
    100. David Ricardo – On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation
    101. Jane Austen – Pride and PrejudiceEmma
    102. Carl von Clausewitz – On War
    103. Stendhal – The Red and the BlackThe Charterhouse of ParmaOn Love
    104. François Guizot – History of Civilization in France
    105. Lord Byron – Don Juan
    106. Arthur Schopenhauer – Studies in Pessimism
    107. Michael Faraday – The Chemical History of a CandleExperimental Researches in Electricity
    108. Nikolai Lobachevsky – Geometrical Researches on the Theory of Parallels
    109. Charles Lyell – Principles of Geology
    110. Auguste Comte – The Positive Philosophy
    111. Honoré de Balzac – Works (esp. Le Père GoriotLe Cousin Pons;Eugénie GrandetCousin BetteCésar Birotteau)
    112. Ralph Waldo Emerson – Representative MenEssays; Journal
    113. Nathaniel Hawthorne – The Scarlet Letter
    114. Alexis de Tocqueville – Democracy in America
    115. John Stuart Mill – A System of LogicPrinciples of Political Economy;On LibertyConsiderations on Representative Government;UtilitarianismThe Subjection of WomenAutobiography
    116. Charles Darwin – On the Origin of SpeciesThe Descent of Man;Autobiography
    117. William Makepeace Thackeray – Works (esp. Vanity FairThe History of Henry EsmondThe VirginiansPendennis)
    118. Charles Dickens – Works (esp. Pickwick PapersOur Mutual Friend;David CopperfieldDombey and SonOliver TwistA Tale of Two CitiesHard Times)
    119. Claude Bernard – Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine
    120. George Boole – The Laws of Thought
    121. Henry David Thoreau – Civil DisobedienceWalden
    122. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels – Das Kapital (Capital); The Communist Manifesto
    123. George Eliot – Adam BedeMiddlemarch
    124. Herman Melville – TypeeMoby-DickBilly Budd
    125. Fyodor Dostoyevsky – Crime and PunishmentThe IdiotThe Brothers Karamazov
    126. Gustave Flaubert – Madame BovaryThree Stories
    127. Henry Thomas Buckle – A History of Civilization in England
    128. Francis Galton – Inquiries into Human Faculties and Its Development
    129. Bernhard Riemann – The Hypotheses of Geometry
    130. Henrik Ibsen – Plays (esp. Peer GyntBrandHedda GablerEmperor and GalileanA Doll’s HouseThe Wild DuckThe Master Builder)
    131. Leo Tolstoy – War and PeaceAnna Karenina; “What Is Art?“; Twenty-Three Tales
    132. Richard Dedekind – Theory of Numbers
    133. Wilhelm Wundt – Physiological PsychologyOutline of Psychology
    134. Mark Twain – The Innocents AbroadAdventures of Huckleberry Finn;A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s CourtThe Mysterious Stranger
    135. Henry Adams – History of the United StatesMont-Saint-Michel and ChartresThe Education of Henry AdamsDegradation of Democratic Dogma
    136. Charles Peirce – Chance, Love, and LogicCollected Papers
    137. William Sumner – Folkways
    138. Oliver Wendell Holmes – The Common LawCollected Legal Papers
    139. William James – Principles of PsychologyThe Varieties of Religious ExperiencePragmatismA Pluralistic UniverseEssays in Radical Empiricism
    140. Henry James – The AmericanThe Ambassadors
    141. Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche – Thus Spoke ZarathustraBeyond Good and EvilOn the Genealogy of MoralityThe Will to PowerTwilight of the IdolsThe Antichrist
    142. Georg Cantor – Transfinite Numbers
    143. Jules Henri Poincaré – Science and HypothesisScience and Method;The Foundations of Science
    144. Sigmund Freud – The Interpretation of DreamsThree Essays to the Theory of SexIntroduction to PsychoanalysisBeyond the Pleasure PrincipleGroup Psychology and the Analysis of the EgoThe Ego and the IdCivilization and Its DiscontentsNew Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis
    145. George Bernard Shaw – Plays and Prefaces
    146. Max Planck – Origin and Development of the Quantum TheoryWhere Is Science Going?Scientific Autobiography
    147. Henri Bergson – Time and Free WillMatter and MemoryCreative EvolutionThe Two Sources of Morality and Religion
    148. John Dewey – How We ThinkDemocracy and EducationExperience and NatureThe Quest for CertaintyLogic – The Theory of Inquiry
    149. Alfred North Whitehead – A Treatise on Universal AlgebraAn Introduction to MathematicsScience and the Modern WorldProcess and RealityThe Aims of Education and Other EssaysAdventures of Ideas
    150. George Santayana – The Life of ReasonScepticism and Animal Faith;The Realms of Being (which discusses the Realms of Essence, Matter and Truth); Persons and Places
    151. Vladimir Lenin – ImperialismThe State and Revolution
    152. Marcel Proust – In Search of Lost Time (formerly translated asRemembrance of Things Past)
    153. Bertrand Russell – Principles of MathematicsThe Problems of PhilosophyPrincipia MathematicaThe Analysis of MindAn Inquiry into Meaning and TruthHuman Knowledge, Its Scope and Limits
    154. Thomas Mann – The Magic MountainJoseph and His Brothers
    155. Albert Einstein – The Theory of RelativitySidelights on RelativityThe Meaning of RelativityOn the Method of Theoretical PhysicsThe Evolution of Physics
    156. James Joyce – “The Dead” in DublinersA Portrait of the Artist as a Young ManUlysses
    157. Jacques Maritain – Art and ScholasticismThe Degrees of Knowledge;Freedom and the Modern WorldA Preface to MetaphysicsThe Rights of Man and Natural LawTrue Humanism
    158. Franz Kafka – The TrialThe Castle
    159. Arnold J. Toynbee – A Study of HistoryCivilization on Trial
    160. Jean-Paul Sartre – NauseaNo ExitBeing and Nothingness
    161. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn – The First CircleCancer Ward

Compiled by Mortimer Adler and the Editors of the Great Books Series.  Each title is linked to a Wikipedia article.

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